Medical Dictionary



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61. complete blood count

An examination of your blood that enables doctors to follow the course of your disease and to select the proper dosage of the appropriate chemotherapeutic drug. ยค white blood count (wbc) refers to the number of leucocytes per cubic millimeter present in your peripheral blood. Diff (differential count) refers to the distribution of the various types of white cells in the peripheral blood; the values are expressed in percentages. Platelet count refers to the number or quantity of platelets per cubic millimeter present in your peripheral blood. Hemoglobin refers to the substance that carries oxygen to other tissues of the body. It is expressed as a percentage of total blood weight. Hematocrit refers to the packed volume of red cells separated from the plasma when whole blood is centrifuged (spun). It is expressed as a percentage. Retic (reticulocyte count) refers to the percentage of young, non-nucleated erythrocytes present in your peripheral blood.

62. congenital

Any condition existing at birth.

63. conjunctivitis

Redness of the eyes.

64. constipation

A condition of your bowel (large intestine) characterized by difficult or infrequent elimination of solid body wastes.

65. cross matching

Making sure that the blood from a donor is compatible with yours before a blood transfusion. blood cells contain factors that are not the same in all people. before a transfusion can be given, blood samples from the donor and you are typed, or classified according to which of these factors are present. the four principal red blood cell types or groups are a, b, ab or o. other factors such as rh factor must also be checked. (see the section on blood transfusions in what treatment really means)

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